- Mehring, Franz
- (1846–1919)Notable as the author of the first major biography of Karl Marx, Franz Mehring was a member of the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) and then the Independent Social Democratic Party (USPD). Aside from Karl Marx (1918), he also wrote History of German Social Democracy (1897–1898) in which he outlined the growth of socialism in the context of German political, social and intellectual developments. He converted to socialism in 1890 and soon allied himself with Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht on the left of the party. He attacked the official SPD position of cooperation with the German government during World War I, joining the anti-war USPD in 1917, and helping to create the extreme left Spartacist League with Luxemburg.
Historical dictionary of Marxism. David Walker and Daniel Gray . 2014.